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What is the Florida Insurance Guaranty Association?

What is the Florida Insurance Guaranty Association?

FIGA is part of a non-profit, state-based, legally created system that pays some outstanding claims to insolvent insurers. By paying these claims, insurance companies protect policyholders and claims.

Insurance companies are active in the state, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. State law requires that licensed property and casualty insurance companies belong to the guarantor companies in each state in which they are licensed to do business.
There is also a Florida insurance association system for annual life, health and life insurance; But it works independently of the property and casualty system.

What is the role of the guarantor associations?

Insurance companies ease the burden on insolvent policyholders and insurance claimants by quickly intervening to take responsibility for most policy claims after settlement. Coverage provided by hedge insurance companies is determined by an insurance policy or state law; They do not offer a "replacement policy".

By virtue of the power granted to guarantor companies under state law, they can offer two important advantages: timely payment of covered claims and payment of the full value of covered claims up to the limits established by the policy or state law.

Who organizes or supervises the guarantor companies?

FIGA is managed by a board of directors that is elected by the members of the guarantor association (that is, all corporations that underwrite licensed businesses in that state) and an appointed financial manager. There is a supervisory authority from the Florida Department of Financial Services, which reviews the association's business plan and may also audit the Daman Association. In Florida, appointment to the Board of Directors of the Sponsorship Association is subject to the approval of the CFO.

Are all the guarantor associations of the state one?

While many associations are based on a model developed by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC), there are differences in the laws that govern associations and their operation from state to state, including the amount of coverage the association provides.

How common are insurance bad debts?

The potential failure of insurers, like the potential failure of all businesses, is an unfortunate but inevitable part of doing business in the free market system. Since the establishment of the P&C insurance association system, there have been around 600 bankruptcies. In total, the system paid around $ 24.2 billion.

Where does FIGA get the money to pay claims?

FIGA is financed in part from the insolvent assets of insurers. Recipients: Real estate assets for claims paid by FIGA and administrative costs related to FIGA's claim payment activities.

Another source of funding is the valuations of the member firm. FIGA ratings are set at a maximum of 2% of the company's direct net premium for regular appraisals, and an additional 2% for hurricane-related bankruptcy contingent appraisals, in written installments on similar business lines in Florida. Another source of financing is the distributions of beneficiaries of insolvent insurance companies.

How are FIGA scores calculated?

FIGA appraisals are calculated and billed based on the immediate needs of the surety association that claims it must pay. The claims files come from the insolvent insurance company; The controls review them and put the appropriate reservations in these files. (Reservations are the expected final responsibility under the terms of a particular policy).

In Florida, the valuation limit is 2% of net direct written premiums for regular appraisals and an additional 2% for contingency assessments for hurricane-related bankruptcies. FIGA cannot rate an insurance company more than the legal maximum of ratings.

What happens when a company becomes insolvent and goes into liquidation?

Liquidation is similar to bankruptcy. When the business is liquidated, the liquidator (also known as the recipient) collects the assets of the business and verifies liabilities, such as payments for claims and invoices. The liquidator then creates a plan to distribute the assets of the business in accordance with the law and presents the plan to the court for approval.

In most cases, the estate does not generate sufficient funds to pay the claims in full; Most of them cannot pay claims on time. For this reason, FIGA and other state guarantee associations step in (depending on the number of states in which the failed company did business) to cover certain claims. Estate creditors who are not covered by the surety associations generally receive only partial payment for their claims.

Should you get a new insurance policy?


Most settlement orders cancel all policies within a certain period of time after settlement, usually 30 days.
You will need to get coverage with another insurance company. However, we do not recommend any particular company. You can contact any licensed insurance agent for the names of other insurers. For information on homeowners insurance in the state of Florida, you can contact the Florida Market Assistance Plan at 800-524-9023.